American Cancer Society says start mammograms at 45, not 40

first_imgCHICAGO | New mammogram advice from the American Cancer Society says most women should start annual screenings at age 45 instead of 40, a change that moves the group closer to guidelines from an influential advisory task force.The cancer group also now advises switching to screening to every other year at 55. The task force recommends starting routine screening for breast cancer at age 50, then every other year.It’s not a one-size-fits-all recommendation; both groups say women’s preferences for when to be scanned should be considered.FILE – In this Tuesday, July 31, 2012, file photo, a radiologist compares an image from earlier, 2-D technology mammogram to the new 3-D Digital Breast Tomosynthesis mammography in Wichita Falls, Texas. The technology can detect much smaller cancers earlier. In guidelines published Tuesday, Oct. 20, 2015, the American Cancer Society revised its advice on who should get mammograms and when, recommending annual screenings for women at age 45 instead of 40 and switching to every other year at age 55. The advice is for women at average risk for breast cancer. Doctors generally recommend more intensive screening for higher-risk women. (Torin Halsey/Times Record News via AP)The advice is for women at average risk for breast cancer. Doctors generally recommend more intensive screening for higher-risk women.“The most important message of all is that a mammogram is the most effective thing that a woman can do to reduce her chance of dying from breast cancer,” said Dr. Richard Wender, the cancer society’s cancer control chief.“It’s not that mammograms are ineffective in younger women,” he said, but at age 40, breast cancer is uncommon and false alarms are more likely.Concern about false alarms contributed to the cancer society’s new guidance. These lead to worry and more testing — they mean an initial result was suspicious but that cancer was ruled out by additional scans and sometimes biopsies.The latest guidelines acknowledge that some younger women are willing to accept that, and that for them starting annual exams at age 40 is fine, as long as they know the risks.The guidelines were developed by experts who reviewed dozens of studies including research published since 1997 — the year the trusted medical group recommended yearly mammograms starting at age 40, and since 2003, when it stopped recommending monthly breast self-exams.The update also drops a recommendation for routine physical breast exams by doctors, saying there’s no evidence that these save lives.The Rev. Jennifer Munroe-Nathans, a church pastor in Millis, Massachusetts, said she hasn’t paid attention to guidelines and started getting annual scans around age 40 on her doctor’s advice. Her mother had breast cancer; so have some of her congregants and Munroe-Nathans said she has no plans to change course when she gets older.“For my own peace of mind I intend to continue yearly mammograms,” she said. “I’ve seen the impact of breast cancer — perhaps that makes me a little more hyper-vigilant.”The society’s updated guidelines say switching to every other year at age 55 makes sense because tumors in women after menopause tend to grow more slowly. Also, older women’s breasts are usually less dense so cancer is more visible on mammograms, said Dr. Kevin Oeffinger, chairman of the society’s breast cancer guideline panel and director of the cancer survivorship center at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York.The guidelines were published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association.More than 200,000 women in the U.S. are diagnosed each year with breast cancer and about 40,000 die from the disease. Overall, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with the disease at some point and chances increase with age.Oeffinger said women need to be familiar with their breasts and aware of any changes, which should be evaluated by their doctors.The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, whose guidelines have historically influenced Medicare coverage, made waves in 2009 when it recommended mammograms every other year starting at age 50, to age 74. In draft recommendations released earlier this year, the group said mammograms for women in their 40s should be an individual decision based on preferences and health history, and that more research is needed to determine potential benefits or harms for scans for women aged 75 and older.That panel also questioned the value of breast exams by doctors, citing a lack of evidence for any benefit or harm. It will examine the cancer society’s evidence review in finalizing its update, said Dr. Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, the task force’s vice chair and a professor at the University of California, San Francisco.Most health plans are required to cover screening mammograms free of charge as part of preventive care mandated by the Affordable Care Act, and many insurers cover the screenings starting at age 40.Several doctor groups still recommend mammograms starting at age 40, including those representing radiologists and gynecologists, but the American Cancer Society’s breast cancer guidelines are the most widely followed, said Dr. Kenneth Lin, a family medicine physician at Georgetown University School of Medicine.Lin said he supports the new guidance but that it will make his job more challenging at first, trying to explain to patients the changes and differences with other groups. Lin said he — and probably many other doctors — will likely continue doing physical breast exams, out of habit and because they consider the exams to be an important part of doctor-patient interactions.Online:JAMA: Society guideline history: AP Medical Writer Lindsey Tanner at https://www.twitter.comlast_img read more

Flying Doc on the podium again

first_imgDr. Iain Corness (right) drives his 1973 Ford Escort Mk 1 through a curve at Bira International Circuit during the TOYO 3K race meeting, Sunday, September 3.The Pattaya Mail’s senior correspondent showed once more at the Prince Bira Circuit that his motor racing career is not over yet.Driving one of the oldest cars on the grid, a Ford Escort Mk 1 1973, at the recent TOYO 3K race meeting, and dealing with a brake problem all weekend, Dr. Iain Corness finished with a 3rd and a 4th placing following some intense work from the TR Motorsport team and some grim determination from the driver.Well done Doc!last_img

Gary Shanahan and Jesse Devers sign new contracts with Galway United

first_imgGalway United are delighted to announce that Gary Shanahan and Jesse Devers have signed new contracts with the club.The attacking duo have signed deals until the end of the 2017 SSE Airtricity League season.Shanahan, 23, has been a mainstay for United over the last three seasons. The Newcastle West native has made 106 appearances, bagging 16 goals from midfield.Former Wolverhampton Wanderers striker Devers joined Galway United at the start of the 2016 season, the 19-year-old made 7 appearances for the Tribesmen’s first team and he finished the season as an important member of Johnny Glynn’s under-19 side, who reached the final of the competition.Shane Keegan’s latest additions bring his squad size to 15 with pre-season on the horizon and the new United boss hailed Shanahan’s re-signing as another important piece of business.“I think Gary is rightly somewhat of a fan favourite. He was almost an ever present in the season just finished and I suppose what any manager would say is that he’s a player that you can absolutely trust.“He runs himself into the ground, if you give him a job, he goes and does it to the letter. He’s just a really solid footballer and he has a fantastic track record as well in terms of avoiding injuries and suspensions.“Gary contributes massively and quite often with a player whose main attributes are their application and work-rate, you then tend to maybe overlook the actual qualities that they bring to the side as well.”Mayo native Devers is a highly rated young talent, who scored 3 goals in 6 games for Johnny Glynn’s under-19 side last season. He will vie with Vinny Faherty, Ronan Murray and Padraic Cunningham for a starting berth in 2017.“Jesse hasn’t really kicked a ball at first team level yet,” Keegan explained.“I’ve sat down with senior players and last year’s coaching staff, everybody is absolutely raving about Jesse, saying what he was doing on the training ground and the potential he has.“People are really saying that this is a player that, given an opportunity, and if he goes and really pushes himself this year, is capable of doing great things.“I’ve said on a number of occasions that I get really excited by throwing young players into the first team if they’ve given me a reason to throw them in. Again, if Jesse performs as I’ve been told he’s been capable of doing, he will find himself in there and it’s up to himself to put his best foot forward.”2017 GALWAY UNITED SQUAD (15): Colm Horgan, Paul Sinnott, Lee Grace, Stephen Folan, Marc Ludden, Gary Shanahan, Alex Byrne, David Cawley, Gavan Holohan, Conor Melody, Kevin Devaney, Vinny Faherty, Ronan Murray, Padraic Cunningham, Jesse Devers.print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Emaillast_img read more

EY Provincial Playoff Hosts Revealed

first_imgThe EYHL Provincial Wildcards & Play-off Finals are beginning to take shape and start on the 14th of April. The necessary information for these weekends are below: Venues/Dates/Qualification / Format The EYHL Provincial Play-offs consists of 8 teams (men) and 9 teams (women). The EYHL Play-offs are played over 2 weekends, with Provincial League winners rewarded with a bye directly into the second weekend.NB all Clubs have to provide their squads by to Hockey Ireland by 9th April 2017.Venues/Dates:Weekend 1: Sat /Sun 14-15 April: Provincial Wildcards (Men & Women) at Old Alex HC.Weekend 2: Sat /Sun 28-29 April: Provincial Play-off Finals (Men & Women) at UCC & Garryduff. Weekend 1: Sat /Sun 14-15 April: Provincial Wildcards (Men & Women) hosted by Old Alex HC. Qualification: (see EYHL Rule 5.4)The EYHL Working Group has made a decision to revert Rule 5.4 to the regulation per previous season to ensure that, where possible, we maintain the planned number of teams in the wildcard /provincials play-off competition as was intended.:5.4. EYHL Provincial Play-offs qualificationQualification for the EYHL Provincial Play-offs is based on placing position in the provincial league in the current season. Teams earn the right to compete in the EYHL Provincial Play-offs based on their finishing position within their provincial league feeder competition as follows:o Men: Ulster 1 / 2 / 3; Leinster 1 / 2 / 3; Munster 1 / 2o Women: Ulster 1 / 2 / 3; Leinster 1 / 2 / 3; Munster 1 / 2; Connacht 1All clubs who qualify for the EYHL Provincial Play-offs must confirm their participation by the due date requested.If a club is unable/un-willing to take up its qualifying place within the EYHL Provincial Play-offs, a further invite will be offered to the next highest finishing club from that province to a maximum of one further invitation per province.If a qualifying club is unable/un-willing to take up its qualifying place and there is another lower qualifier(s) from the same province, then the clubs ‘shuffle up’ in position to leave any gap(s) in the lowest qualifying position(s). Format: (see EYHL Rule 5.3)The format for the 2 weekends differs for men and women.Men Round 1: consists of 5 teams (Ulster 2 /Ulster 3 /Leinster 2 /Leinster 3 /Munster 2). Each team will play each of the other teams on a round robin basis over one weekend .The games will be 25 minutes each way.Round 2:The winner from Round 1, along with the provincial league winners (Ulster1 /Leinster 1 /Munster 1), qualify for the EYHL Provincial Play-offs knockout semi-finals/final.The winner of EYHL Provincial Play-offs final will qualify for the EYHL in the following season.The runner-up will enter a play-off with the 9th placed finisher in the EYHL to determine which club will join the winner of the EYHL Provincial Play-offs in the EYHL in the following season.Women Round 1:-consists of 5 teams (Ulster 2 /Ulster 3 /Leinster 2 /Leinster 3 /Munster 2). Each team will play each of the other teams on a round robin basis over one weekend. The games will be 25 minutes each way.Round 2:-The winner from Round 1, along with the provincial winners (Ulster 1 /Leinster 1 /Munster 1 /Connacht 1), qualify for the EYHL Provincial Play-offs Round 2  NB Round 2 is played in the same round robin format as Round 1. The winner of EYHL Provincial Round 2 will qualify for the EYHL in the following season.The Runner-up will enter a play-off with the 9th placed finisher in the EYHL to determine which club will join the winner of the EYHL Provincial Play-offs in the EYHL in the following season. Weekend 2: Sat /Sun 28-29 April: Provincial Play-off Finals (Men & Women) hosted by UCC Hockey Clubs with Garryduff being used for the men’s semi-final matches on the Saturday.Old Alex have secured their place is in the provincial playoffs as they currently sit 3rd in Leinster Division 1 but could yet move into second as they have a game in hand and are just 1 point behind Corinthian; Muckross have already booked their spot in the Finals weekend. The men’s Leinster league is even tighter with UCD and YMCA on 38 points each and just 1 goal in the difference, while Corinthian are 3 points behind but also have a game in hand.All is still to play for both the men’s and women’s Ulster teams; 7 points separates Bangor in 1st and Kilkeel in 3rd in the men’s league but Kilkeel have 2 games in hand in which they could overtake Instonians currently occupying second place. In the women’s league it looks like it’ll be a battle for 1st place between Queens and Lurgan, while Ballymoney could yet creep up in 3rd place as they have 5 games still to play.Bandon have already secured the number 1 spot in Munster as they went undefeated in the league, and UCC men will travel to Old Alex as the Munster 2 representative. UCC women’s team have already secured the Munster title on goal difference and still have their final match yet to play, while Catholic Institute will take up Munster’s second spot.The winner of the Connacht league will fill the final provincial spot in the Play off finals on April 28th/29th in Cork. print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email The culmination of the domestic season is fast approaching with some clubs even wrapping up their provincial fixtures this weekend. That means the EY Provincial Playoffs are right around the corner and Hockey Ireland are pleased to announce this year’s hosts:last_img read more

Investors told to wise up over cost of environmental crime

first_imgLack of knowledge of environmental crimes doesn’t protect companies or financial investors from prosecution, warns a new Climate Advisers report.The case of U.S. hardwood flooring company Lumber Liquidators is a salutary reminder to others of the pitfalls of ignoring where timber products are sourced from.The report also calls for U.S. authorities to use a greater range of laws to tackle forest crimes. Companies and their investors are exposing themselves to massive legal and financial risks by trading, sometimes unwittingly, in products derived from illegally harvested timber, according to a new report.Published earlier this month by the Washington, D.C.-based consultancy Climate Advisers, the report recommends that U.S. authorities look beyond purely environmental legislation to prosecute any crimes associated with the illicit sourcing of timber products.“Despite recent progress, a continued lack of transparency in sectors most at risk of illegal forest clearing, such as cattle, oil palm, soy and timber, means that investors may not know the extent of their exposure to material financial risks from deforestation through companies they invest in,” the report says.The potential for companies to become involved in such activities is vast, with Interpol estimating the scale of illegal logging at somewhere between $50 billion and $150 billion a year.Climate Advisers highlights the case of Lumber Liquidators in its report: in 2016, the U.S. firm paid more than $13 million in fines and forfeited assets in connection with the importing of hardwood flooring from timber that had been illegally logged in Russia’s Far East.The Mongolian oak the company used for its products came from forests that are home to two of the world’s rarest big cats: the Amur, or Siberian, tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) and the Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis).Forest clearance and plantation development in PT Megakarya Jaya Raya (PT MJR) palm oil concession in Papua. New Guinea Island is home to the world’s third-largest rainforest, but is facing intense pressure due to the logging and palm oil industries. Image by Ulet Infansasti/Greenpeace.The Lumber Liquidators case showed “the true cost of turning a blind eye to environmental laws,” U.S. Assistant Attorney General John C. Cruden said at the time in a statement released by the Department of Justice. “This company left a trail of corrupt transactions and habitat destruction. Now they will pay a price for this callous and careless pursuit of profit.”Lumber Liquidators was prosecuted under the Lacey Act, a law dating back to 1900 that bans trafficking in illegal wildlife. It was amended in 2008 to include plants and plant products such as timber and paper.More can be done, according to Anthony Mansell, director of policy and research at Climate Advisers. Mansell said his organization’s report highlighted how activities such as illegal logging could also be addressed using other laws. “Forest crime involves many of the same crimes or violations of the law that goes with any other organized crime,” Mansell said in an interview. “Crimes such as money laundering, racketeering and corruption, for example.”The next Lumber LiquidatorsThere are an increasing number of examples of corporate involvement in illegal forest clearing or land grabs leading to financial hits, according to Susanne Breitkopf, policy manager for the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA). The nonprofit works to expose environmental crimes through its on-the-ground investigations, and was responsible for uncovering Lumber Liquidators’ role in the illegal timber trade.The share price of Lumber Liquidators fell nearly 90 percent, from a high of $119.44 before the scandal broke in 2013, to less than $20 in 2015.“This case had big consequences for the industry,” Breitkopf said in an interview. “Nobody wants to be the next Lumber Liquidators. But if investors are not looking where they are putting their money, especially when it comes to land banks, they are taking really high risks.”In a different case, in 2017 United Cacao was delisted from the London Stock Exchange’s Alternative Investment Market after the EIA said it had financed more than 111 square kilometers (43 square miles) of illegal deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon. A report in the U.K.-based Mail on Sunday newspaper in February 2017 revealed that United Cacao’s share price had plummeted by a third in just over two years. It was described as having been “a disastrous investment.”Using the law more extensivelyThe Climate Advisers report sets out a whole suite of U.S. statutes, not specifically environmental in nature, that could be used against companies involved in illegal logging, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), anti-money-laundering laws, and wire and mail fraud legislation. The FCPA has already been used extensively in multiple international lawsuits against companies with complaints of aiding and abetting terrorism.The report gives a hypothetical example of a U.S. investor that funds an agricultural commodity producer knowing it will offer bribes to officials to turn a blind eye to illegal forest clearing.Red ruffed lemur (Varecia rubra), a species that lives in northeastern Madagascar, where rosewood logging has been severe. Photo by Rhett A. Butler.“Because of its global reach and robust enforcement, the FCPA has major, if untested, potential in application to forest crime,” the report says. “Bribes help unscrupulous companies to obtain forest land rights, to frustrate enactment and enforcement of relevant regulatory regimes, and to export and market illegally-trafficked agricultural products.”Mansell said one of the advantages of using laws other than the Lacey Act (or the Endangered Species Act), like the FCPA, was that it could make it easier to prosecute environmental crimes.“Proving something is a particular species is very hard,” Mansell said, pointing to highly technical issues like the need to demonstrate that a particular wood was illegally logged. “Money laundering is the same, no matter where it occurs.”The bottom line, according to the 2013 EIA report that blew the lid off the Lumber Liquidators issue, is that companies and investors should take extra precautions if timber is being sourced from countries where illegal practices are known to be rife.Breitkopf pointed out, though, that the concept of using additional laws on the books was still far from simple. “I agree there are more laws that lend themselves to prosecute this type of illegal activity,” she said, “but crimes such as corruption and money laundering are very difficult to prove.”Banner image: In 2015, the largest seizure of Peruvian timber was made from the ship called the Yacu Kallpa. Photo courtesy of the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA). Article published by Genevieve Belmaker Deforestation, Forests, Governance, Illegal Logging, Illegal Timber Trade, Illegal Trade, Rainforests, Supply Chain, Timber, Timber Laws, timber trade, Tropical Forests center_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

What I Wish I Knew Before My Trip to Animal Kingdom

first_imgShare This!Head under this majestic sign to enter the wild Magic Kingdom.If you are planning your very first visit to the Walt Disney World Resort, I’m sure you’ve made lists of what attractions you want to see, what characters you want to meet, and I bet you even made those dining reservations the day you booked your trip, right? But despite all your planning and newly accumulated park knowledge, it’s still easy to make those Disney World Rookie mistakes. My goal today is to let you in on some tips and info that I wish I had known before my park visits to help your first time trip to Walt Disney World run smoothly. I’ve already covered What I Wish I Knew Before My Trip to the Magic Kingdom and Epcot; and so for today, I’m tackling What I Wish I Knew Before My Trip to Animal Kingdom!Asia’s Maharajah Jungle TrekIt Is Meant To Be Explored & DiscoveredDisney’s Animal Kingdom is all about the magic of nature and living things, and in staying true to that theme this park features a more organic design and encourages guests to explore. The Oasis–the entryway into the park–is quite a departure from the Magic Kingdom’s Main Street, U.S.A. or Hollywood Studios’ Hollywood Boulevard in that there’s no one way to reach the main part of the park and no visible icon pulling you down the pavement. Instead, The Oasis is thick, lush, and has a number of exhibits to enjoy at your own leisurely pace.A resident of the Discovery Island TrailsAnimal Kingdom also offers a number of wildlife trails throughout the park, such as the Discovery Island Trails and the Maharajah Jungle Trek. Unlike centerpiece attractions or eye-catching shops, these trails somewhat blend in with the environment and may be missed if you’re not looking for them. Unlike shuffling through a line or seeing a choreographed show or effect, the trails are self-guided and can be enjoyed at a guest’s own pace. I also appreciate the little paths and hidden seating areas that lay off the beaten path throughout the Animal Kingdom Park and some of which offer spectacular views! So when you visit Disney’s Animal Kingdom, remember that this is a different kind of park that it’s meant to be explored and discovered.Kilimanjaro SafarisIt’s Really Really HotI’ve often heard Disney World regulars remark that Animal Kingdom is hotter than the other Disney Parks, and I would agree with them. Why? Many of Animal Kingdom’s queues and attractions are outdoors, such as Kilimanjaro Safaris, Expedition Everest, Kilimanjaro Safaris, The Boneyard, Kali River Rapids, Primeval Whirl, Pangani Forest Exploration Trail, and so guests aren’t being plunged into A/C as much as they would be at other parks. Granted, there are attractions ideal for a cool down to be found at the park too, such as DINOSAUR, It’s Tough to be a Bug, Festival of the Lion King, and Finding Nemo – The Musical, as well as the shops and restaurants; however, a lot of what guests want to see at Animal Kingdom expose them to the Florida humidity. Another reason for why the park might feel hotter is because it’s massive. Much of the park’s size is due to the space needed for the animals and their care, but even the sections of the park designated for guests is spacious and very spread out. So when you visit Animal Kingdom, remember to  slather on the sunscreen, stay hydrated, take breaks, and have a plan and a park map to avoid hiking back and forth across the park all the day. It’s what I wish I knew before my trip to Animal Kingdom.DINOSAUR is Truly Terrifying I love thrill rides. I can’t get enough of the Twilight Zone Tower of Terror and Rock n’ Roller Coaster at Disney’s Hollywood Studios, and Expedition Everest at Disney’s Animal Kingdom is one of my all-time favorite coasters. But for me, DINOSAUR is the most terrifying! It doesn’t go upside down, nor is it all that fast, but my heart pounds just thinking about it!DINOSAUR Time RoversFor those who don’t know, DINOSAUR is located in DinoLand U.S.A. and the story is that guests are being sent back in time aboard a Time Rover to save a particular dinosaur from extinction. The problem is that guests are visiting moments before a meteor is supposed to hit the earth and there’s the dreaded Carnotaurus to deal with. The Time Rover ride vehicle simulates rough terrain and sharp curves where they aren’t any, and it even reacts to danger making for a rough and exhilarating ride! The jerky ride movements, darkness, close proximity to the dinos, and that chase sequence are what make this ride experience extra scary. It’s a blast for thrill junkies, but parents with young kids and guests with ride preferences like mine should be aware.Note: Guests must be at least 40 inches tall to experience DINOSAUR.Welcome to Harambe!There Are Great Cultural ExperiencesJust like Epcot’s World Showcase, Animal Kingdom guests can enjoy experiences from different cultures without ever having to leave the Walt Disney World Resort. At both the Africa and Asia sections of the park, guests will feel as if they have walked into living communities to sample the entertainment, culture, and variety of cuisine from these two continents. InAfrica, guests are in the town of Harambe, while in Asia they are in the village of Anandapur. Personally, I believe that these two areas of the Animal Kingdom Park are prime illustrations of Disney’s attention to detail and historical accuracy, so be sure to take some time to explore and enjoy what they have to offer!You Can See Rare CharactersAt Animal Kingdom, guests who love meeting characters have the chance to meet with a few that they probably won’t see anywhere else on property, such as Pocahontas, Tarzan, Flik from A Bug’s Life, Russell and Dug from Up, Baloo and King Louie from The Jungle Book, and members of the Fab Five in their safari apparel!Finding Nemo The Musical appeals to a broad audience.Don’t Make a FastPass+ Reservation for ShowsA common mistake many Disney Park Rookies make is getting FastPass+ reservations for shows. Animal Kingdom’s Festival of the Lion King, Finding Nemo – The Musical, and It’s Tough to be a Bug all offer FastPass+; but those FastPass+ reservations rarely save guests much, if any, time. Theaters at Walt Disney World are massive and designed to handle large numbers of guests. Oftentimes the only waiting guests have to do is waiting for the show ahead of them to end, and that’s something FastPass+ can’t help with. Also, if a guest does use a FastPass+ reservation for a show, they may enter the holding area before other guests; but when those theater doors swing open, the advantage ends as almost all seats offer great views and Cast Members will have everyone move to the far end of the aisle to accommodate all guests anyway. So take it from me and don’t waste those FastPass+ reservations on shows. Instead, use them for Kilimanjaro Safaris or Expedition Everest! It’s what I wish I knew before my trip to Animal Kingdom.Kali River RapidsWaterproof Yourself for Kali River RapidsLocated in Animal Kingdom’s Asia, Kali River Rapids is a river raft ride famous for drenching park guests. It’s the most enjoyable way I know to cool down, but finishing out the day in wet clothes or with water damaged items can ruin the fun real quick. So guests with Kali River Rapids on their to-do list need to waterproof themselves and their belongings before stepping aboard their raft. I always encourage guests to wear clothes and shoes that dry quickly, or to just splurge and buy a poncho. They will be glad they did later! They should also remember to keep their feet on the circular footrest in the middle of the raft as the bottom fills up with water. Now when it comes to waterproofing belongings, I know that some guests keep their cameras and phones in plastic bags; but in my opinion, the best option is to use Disney’s free lockers located across from the ride entrance. Note: Lockers are available at a first come basis and are only for those riding Kali River Rapids.Flights of Wonder is a fun and educational show about birds, and can only be seen at certain scheduled times throughout the day.There are no Plastic Straws As Animal Kingdom features live wildlife, this park operates a little differently in order to keep the animals happy and healthy. One of the ways that is most noticeable and surprising to first time guests is the lack of plastic straws. When guests order a drink or refreshment at Animal Kingdom, it often comes without a straw and sometimes even without a lid! This is because the plastic can be harmful to the animals. Now the park does offer thick paper straws, but some guests think it affects the flavor or don’t care for the texture. It’s just something to be aware of. Even the park’s Starbucks, known here as Creature Comforts, follows the rule and offers green paper straws instead of its trademark green plastic ones.Don’t Miss Flights of WonderA true hidden gem, Animal Kingdom’s Flights of Wonder is an educational bird show set among the ruins at the Caravan Stage in Asia. The show is very funny, informative, and lets guests get off their feet and take in species such as the Great Horned Owl, Blue and Gold Macaws, the Harris Hawk, and even a Bald Eagle! Of all the shows at Animal Kingdom, this one is my favorite and I encourage guests to carve out time to see it during their trip and to have their cameras ready!Are you planning your first visit Walt Disney World’s Animal Kingdom? If so, be sure to note a few of these tips to maximize your experience at the park. Also, as always, fellow Disney World Experts are encouraged to share their park wisdom with readers in the comments!last_img read more

Aids ‘animerts’ spread message

first_img“Victor the taxi driver” the lead characterin the Scrutinize series The young girl must learn life lessonsfrom the other charactersimages: Scrutinize Khanyi MagubaneA series of new animated commercials has been launched in a bid to communicate the HIV/Aids message in an innovative yet authoritative way. The Scrutinize campaign speaks to the young adult market in a fun yet fact-based and engaging manner.The campaign is the brainchild of a partnership between USAid, the Johns Hopkins Health Education in South Africa (JHHESA) and designer jeans label Levi’s. Backed by funding from the US President’s Emergency Plan for Aids Relief, the three organisations teamed up with South African creatives Matchboxology who created the entire animated series.The series makes use of characters from the township that the youth can easily relate to. Each of the animated commercials, known as animerts, is about 40-60 seconds long and is based on the everyday realities that place young South Africans at risk of HIV infection.The underlying strategy behind the campaign is to equip young people with the knowledge to take responsibility for their own actions, as a means to reducing their risk of HIV infection.Patrick Coleman, managing director for JHHESA, who has more than 30 years experience in public health communication, says he believes the reality of the series makes it very persuasive, “Scrutinize uses South African slang and symbology with the [same] kind of humour that makes shows like The Simpson’s so popular around the world,” he says.“People laugh because they can see themselves, but you can see in their eyes they are getting the message.”The lead character is taxi driver named Victor, created in collaboration with top South African comedian Joey Rasdien. Victor is on a mission “to flip HIV to H-I-Victory”. Rasdien is joined by a cast of four other local actors and comedians. The characters include a shebeen queen (a female owner of a small drinking establishment, usually in her home), a sugar daddy (an older man who dates young girls), a young girl, a businessman, and a teenage boy.Debbie Gebhardt, marketing director for Levi Strauss South Africa, says the creative use of multi-media gives the campaign a cutting edge, “We brought together commercial marketing and merchandising techniques, modern advertising creativity and hard epidemiological data with expertise from JHHESA and USAid.”The first eight animerts will be flighted on local television in South Africa for a period of a year. The aim will be to reach target audiences during peak hours and at times when youth programmes are broadcast.The campaign will also be taken to local communities, where the commercials will be used as discussion starters for a series of planned youth conversations around issues of HIV/Aids.Focus is on urban township youthDirector of communications at JHHESA, Richard Delate, says the campaign focuses on youth in South Africa’s black urban townships as their research has shown that this is where the spread of the HIV/Aids is most rife.He says part of the contributing factor to the spread of the virus is the prevalence of multiple and concurrent partners. This means that while a person may have a steady partner in a long-term relationship, they also have multiple partners on the outside. These partnerships usually overlap, forming a type of sexual network.While condom use amongst non-regular partners is high, it tends to become inconsistent and eventually decreases over time with the regular partner. This then puts the partners at a higher risk of contracting the virus.If one of the partners within the network gets infected with HIV, the virus spreads rapidly to others, as HIV is most infectious during the first three to six weeks after infection.According to the First National South African HIV/Aids Communication Survey conducted in 2006, 13% of young men and 4 % of young women between the ages of 15-24, reported that they had concurrent partners. This survey also found that youth falling into this age group have a greater chance of being involved with multiple and concurrent partners.Multiple and concurrent partnerships may also involve the exchange of material goods and status between a man or a woman better off economically, and a younger partner who isn’t. The younger partner is expected to give sexual favours in return to the “sugar daddy or sugar mommy”.For example, a girl may have three boyfriends, each of them catering to different aspects of her life. “Minister of transport” refers to the partner who provides her with transport to get around. It could be a guy with a car that fetches and drops her off at her destination of choice, or a taxi driver who lets her ride for free.“Minister of finance” refers to the man who offers her financial assistance. He may pay for her clothing accounts, her hair and in other instances, even her accommodation. “Minister of gigs” often refers to the man that provides entertainment. He takes her out to the nightclubs, to dinners and basically pays for their social life. The girl would usually sleep with all three men concurrently, increasing the spread of the virus.The Scrutinize campaign ultimately aims to empower young people with knowledge that will help them eradicate behaviour which places them in the high-risk category of contracting the virus. Levi’s will also feature the characters on T-shirts as part of their Red for Life range in shops nationwide.Useful LinksUSAid/South AfricaUSAid internationalThe Johns Hopkins UniversityLevi StraussDo you have any queries or comments on this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at [email protected]last_img read more

a month agoWatford reject Randell Williams catching eye at Exeter

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Watford reject Randell Williams catching eye at Exeterby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveA host of clubs are chasing Exeter City winger Randell Williams.The former Crystal Palace and Watford man joined Exeter in January.His early season form has drawn interest from Championship clubs Cardiff City, Nottingham Forest, QPR and Huddersfield, according toteamTALK.The 22-year-old already has three assists to name so far this season. last_img

Minnesota approves Enbridge Energy Line 3 pipeline project

first_imgST. PAUL, Minn. – Minnesota regulators on Thursday approved Enbridge Energy’s proposal to replace its ageing Line 3 oil pipeline, angering opponents who say the project threatens pristine areas and have vowed Standing Rock-style protests if needed to block it.All five members of the Public Utilities Commission backed the project, though some cited heavy trepidation and a narrow majority later approved the company’s preferred route despite opposition from American Indian tribes and climate change activists.Several commissioners cited the deteriorating condition of the existing line, which was built in the 1960s, as a major factor in their decision. Tribal lawyers had reluctantly backed an alternative route that went much farther south as the least bad option.After the commission’s work is formalized in the next few weeks, opponents may file motions asking it to reconsider. After that, they can appeal the decision to the state Court of Appeals.Several commissioners said the issue was difficult. Chairwoman Nancy Lange choked up and took off her glasses to wipe her eyes as she described her reasoning for approving the project. Another commissioner, Katie Sieben, said it was “so tough because there is no good outcome.”The pipeline currently runs from Alberta, Canada, across North Dakota and Minnesota to Enbridge’s terminal in Superior, Wisconsin. Enbridge has said it needs to replace the pipeline because it’s increasingly subject to corrosion and cracking and that it would continue to run Line 3 if regulators rejected its proposal.Much of the debate has focused on whether Minnesota and Midwest refineries need the extra oil. Enbridge currently runs Line 3 at about half its original capacity of 760,000 barrels per day for safety reasons, and currently uses it only to carry light crude.The project’s opponents, including the Minnesota Department of Commerce, have argued that the refineries don’t need it because demand for oil and petroleum products will fall in the coming years as people switch to electric cars and renewable energy sources. Opposition groups also argue that much of the additional oil would eventually flow to overseas buyers.Enbridge and its customers strongly dispute the lack of need in the region. They said Line 3’s reduced capacity is already forcing the company to severely ration space on its pipeline network, and that failure to restore its capacity would force oil shippers to rely more on trains and trucks, which are more expensive and less safe. Business and labour groups support the proposal for the jobs and economic stimulus.The Public Utilities Commission’s decision likely won’t be the final word in a long, contentious process that has included numerous public hearings and the filings of thousands of pages of documents since 2015. Lange said earlier this year that the dispute was likely to end up in court, regardless of what the commission decides.Opponents have threatened a repeat of the protests on the Standing Rock Reservation against the Dakota Access pipeline, in which Enbridge owns a stake. Those protests in 2016 and 2017 resulted in sometimes violent skirmishes with law enforcement and more than 700 arrests.Enbridge has already replaced the short segment of Line 3 in Wisconsin and put it into service. Construction is underway on the short segment that crosses northeastern North Dakota and on the longer section from Alberta to the U.S. border, and Enbridge plans to continue that work. Enbridge has estimated the overall cost of the project at $7.5 billion, including $2.6 billion for the U.S. segment.(THE CANADIAN PRESS) “It’s irrefutable that that pipeline is an accident waiting to happen,” Commissioner Dan Lipschultz said ahead of the vote. “It feels like a gun to our head … All I can say is the gun is real and it’s loaded.”Pipeline opponents reacted angrily when it became clear commissioners would approve the project. Tania Aubid, a member of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe, stood and shouted, “You have just declared war on the Ojibwe!” Brent Murcia, of the group Youth Climate Intervenors, added: “We will not let this stand.”Opponents argue that the pipeline risks spills in fragile areas in northern Minnesota, including where American Indians harvest wild rice. Ojibwe Indians, or Anishinaabe, consider wild rice sacred and central to their culture.Winona LaDuke, founder of Honor the Earth, said opponents would use every regulatory means possible to stop the project _ and threatened mass protests if necessary.“They have gotten their Standing Rock,” she said, referring to protests that drew thousands of people to neighbouring North Dakota to rally against the Dakota Access pipeline.Others welcomed Thursday’s vote, including Bob Schoneberger, founder of Minnesotans for Line 3. He said Minnesota needs the line now “and will need it even more into the future.”center_img In a statement Thursday night, Enbridge President and CEO Al Monaco said the company is “pleased” with the commission’s decision.“Replacing Line 3 is first and foremost about the safety and integrity of this critical energy infrastructure,” Monaco said.After commissioners agreed the pipeline upgrade was needed, the commission voted 3-2 in favour of a slightly modified version of Enbridge’s preferred route. The company wanted to depart from the existing pipeline to largely avoid two American Indian reservations currently crossed.The PUC’s modification does clip a portion of the Fond du Lac Band of Chippewa’s land in order to avoid going close to a culturally sensitive lake. Commissioners said they would adjust the route if the band doesn’t agree.last_img read more